There are a number of conditions that people may label as ‘pigmentation’ problems.
Melasma, is a symmetrical blotchy, brownish pigmentation usually on the face. The pigmentation is due to overproduction of melanin by the pigment cells. It can lead to considerable embarrassment and distress. It typically starts between 20 and 40 years old and is more common in women. Hormonal, genetic factors, and sun exposure are the main causative factors.
In addition to addressing underlying factors, treatments include a number of topical bleaching agents, chemical peels, and sometimes laser and light treatments.
Other causes of pigmentation include solar lentigines (age spots). These are especially common on chronically sun-exposed skin such as the face, hands, and also forearms. These are often greatly improved with a variety of treatments including intense pulse light therapy, laser (ablative and non-ablative), localized chemical peels, and cryotherapy. Depending on a variety of factors, our dermatologist can guide you to the best choice for your pigmented lesions.